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 Gold Mountain

The monument before you depict images and scenes of some defining moments in the history of Chinese Immigrants in Canada. They came to Canada to build a better life for themselves and their families. Not only did they find “Gold Mountain,” they helped create it

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Did You Know?

There were Chinese workers and settlers in Canada almost a hundred years before Canada became a country? The images on this tier depicts the struggles and challenges of the earliest Chinese settlers to Canada, leading up to their infamous participation in the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway.

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Death for Every Mile

The working conditions were so deadly that it is said that one dead Chinese man could be found for every mile of track laid through the Canadian Rockies.

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Unfortunate Truth

Although the majority of workers survived the rail line construction project, many were permanently disabled and unable to work. A great many died impoverished and alone, because they could not work and did not have enough money to return to their families in China.

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The Government

Despite the crucial role played by the early Chinese immigrants in the development of the Canadian Pacific Railway, the treatment of Chinese did not improve. Several measures were imposed by the Canadian government in an effort to further discourage Chinese from settling in Canada.

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Formal Apology

In June of 2006, the Prime Minister of Canada, the Right Honourable Stephen Harper issued a formal apology for the suffering of Chinese Canadians. He officially recognized Canada’s part in the pain inflicted on Chinese migrants from the earliest settlers, to the Head Tax and Exclusion Act. For thousands of survivors of those decades of hardship, the apology was hard-won and long overdue moral victory.

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